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What is Amazon FSx for Windows File Server?

Posted on October 28, 2022 by

Categories: AWS

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Microsoft Windows file servers that are fully managed and supported by a completely native Windows file system are offered by Amazon FSx for Windows File Server. Enterprise programmes may be effortlessly lifted and moved to the AWS Cloud thanks to the functionality, performance, and compatibility of FSx for Windows File Server.

With fully managed file storage based on Microsoft Windows Server, Amazon FSx supports a wide range of business Windows workloads. In order to access file storage across a network, Server Message Block (SMB) protocol and Windows file system capabilities are both natively supported by Amazon FSx. With native Windows compatibility, enterprise performance and features, and reliable sub-millisecond latencies, Amazon FSx is designed with corporate applications in the AWS Cloud in mind.

The code, programmes, and tools that Windows developers and administrators now use may continue to function without change thanks to file storage on Amazon FSx. Business applications, home directories, web serving, content management, data analytics, software build setups, and media processing workloads are examples of Windows applications and workloads that operate well with Amazon FSx.

FSx for Windows File Server minimises the administrative burden of setting up and deploying file servers and storage volumes because it is a fully managed service. Additionally, Amazon FSx processes backups, identifies and fixes hardware issues, and updates Windows software. AWS IAM, AWS Directory Service for Microsoft Active Directory, Amazon WorkSpaces, AWS Key Management Service, and AWS CloudTrail are just a few of the various AWS services with which it offers comprehensive connectivity.

File systems, backups, and file sharing are available as FSx for Windows File Server resources.

File systems and backups make up the majority of the resources in Amazon FSx. Your files and folders are stored and accessed by a file system. One or more Windows file servers and storage volumes make up a file system. You provide a storage capacity (in GiB) and a throughput capacity (in MB/s) when you construct a file system. After you construct the file system, you can update these attributes as your needs evolve. See Managing Storage Capacity and Managing Throughput Capacity for further details.

Backups created using FSx for Windows File Server are incremental, extremely durable, and file-system consistent. Amazon FSx makes advantage of Windows’ Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) to guarantee file system consistency. When you build a file system, automatic daily backups are activated by default. You may also make extra manual backups at any time. See Working with backups for further details.

A single folder (and any subfolders) within your file system that you make SMB-accessible to your compute instances is referred to as a Windows file share. A Windows file share named share already exists on your file system by default. Using the Shared Folders graphical user interface (GUI) tool on Windows, you may build and manage as many additional Windows file shares as you like. See Using Microsoft Windows file sharing for further details.

You can access file shares using the DNS name associated with the file system or any associated DNS aliases. See Managing DNS Aliases for further details.

using file sharing

Through the SMB protocol, compute instances may access Amazon FSx (supporting versions 2.0 to 3.1.1). From Windows Server 2008 and

Windows 7 onward, as well as from the most recent Linux releases, you may access your shares. Your Amazon FSx file shares may be mapped on VMware Cloud on AWS VMs, WorkSpaces instances, Amazon AppStream 2.0 instances, and Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances.

Using AWS Direct Connect or AWS VPN, you may access your file shares from on-premises compute instances. You may access your shares on compute instances that are in a different Amazon VPC, account, or Region in addition to accessing file shares that are in the same VPC, AWS account, and AWS Region as the file system. You accomplish this via transit gateways or VPC peering. Supported access methods has further details.

protection of data and security

Your data is safeguarded by numerous layers of security and compliance offered by Amazon FSx. Using keys that you control in AWS Key Management Service, it automatically encrypts data at rest (for both file systems and backups) (AWS KMS). SMB Kerberos session keys are used to automatically encrypt data while it is in transit. It has been judged to be HIPAA-eligible and in accordance with ISO, PCI-DSS, and SOC certifications.

Windows access control lists are used by Amazon FSx to offer access control at the file and folder level (ACLs). Utilizing security groups from the Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC), it offers access control at the file system level. AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) access policies are also used to offer access control at the API level. Microsoft Active Directory is used to authenticate users accessing file systems. To track and log your API requests, Amazon FSx interfaces with AWS CloudTrail, enabling you to observe user activity on your

Amazon FSx resources.

Additionally, it safeguards your data by automatically creating highly reliable backups of your file system every day and enabling you to create extra backups whenever you need to. See Security in Amazon FSx for further details.

Accessibility and robustness

The file systems offered by FSx for Windows File Server provide two levels of availability and durability. By automatically identifying and correcting component failures, single Availability Zone (AZ) files provide high availability inside a single AZ. By deploying and maintaining a standby file server in a different Availability Zone inside an AWS Region, Multi-AZ file systems also provide high availability and failover across several Availability Zones. See Availability and durability: Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file systems for further information on the deployment of Single-AZ and Multi-AZ file systems.

In charge of file systems

Custom remote administration PowerShell commands or, in some situations, the Windows-native GUI can be used to control your FSx for Windows File Server file systems. See Administering file systems for additional information on controlling Amazon FSx file systems.

Flexibility in terms of cost and performance

By providing both SSD and HDD storage options, FSx for Windows File Server provides you the budget and performance flexibility you need. A wide range of workloads, including home directories, user and departmental shares, and content management systems, are built for HDD storage. Databases, media processing workloads, and data analytics applications are among the workloads for which SSD storage is most suited in terms of performance and latency sensitivity.

You may individually supply file system storage and throughput with FSx for Windows File Server to get the ideal balance of cost and performance. In order to only pay for what you really use, you may change the storage and throughput capacity of your file system to accommodate changing workload requirements. See Optimizing expenses with Amazon FSx for additional details.

The cost of Amazon FSx

There are no up-front expenses for hardware or software with Amazon FSx. There are no startup fees, minimum commitments, or other expenditures; you just pay for the resources that are actually used. See Amazon FSx for Windows File Server Pricing for details on the costs and charges for the service.