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What is Amazon Kinesis?

Posted on October 25, 2022 by

Categories: AWS


An Amazon Web Service called Amazon Kinesis analyzes massive data streams from several services in real-time. It is a form of message broker similar to Apache Kafka. It acts as a mediator between multiple data-producing sources to enable other applications or services to deal with the source data.

In contrast to waiting for a whole dataset to arrive, processing it, and then sending it for analysis, Kinesis (and Kafka) enable you to process and analyze data almost instantly. Instead of taking hours, days, or weeks, insights can be obtained in minutes. Kinesis, which is supplied as a managed platform, enables this without requiring weeks of laborious setup because you are not required to handle any infrastructure.

How Effective Is Kinesis?

Kinesis is built to ingest, process, and analyze streams of data in real-time, in brief. Kinesis provides four important answers within this essential skill set:

Kinesis Data Streams by Amazon

Real-time data streaming service Amazon Kinesis Data Streams (KDS) is intended to be massively scalable and resilient. When there is a lot of data streaming from numerous potentially unusual data producers, KDS is used. Gigabytes of data per second can be ingested from various sources, such as (but not limited to) website clicks, database event streams, financial transactions, gaming micro-transactions, IoT devices, and location-tracking events.

In other words, KDS is your best option if the data you want to stream has to travel directly to a service or application and be actionable there or if it needs to drive analysis as soon as it is received. Within 70 milliseconds of being gathered, the data is practically instantly accessible for real-time analytics, enabling real-time dashboards, anomaly detection, dynamic pricing, and other functions.

Kinesis Video Streams on Amazon

Amazon Kinesis Video Streams is a data streaming service specifically designed for video streaming. You may offer the data for playback, machine learning, analytics, or other processing while securely streaming video from any number of devices. It can take in data from almost every video source, including surveillance cameras, smartphones, drones, RADARs, LIDARs, satellites, and more. Integrating with Amazon Rekognition Video allows you to create apps with real-time computer vision capabilities and video analytics utilizing well-known open-source machine learning frameworks.

Additionally, Kinesis Video Streams may assist you with HTTP Live Streaming for streaming live or recorded material to browsers or mobile applications (HLS). WebRTC enables two-way real-time streaming between connected devices, mobile apps, and web browsers.

Kinesis Firehose Amazon

Large-scale streaming data is safely loaded into data lakes, data sources, and analytics services using Kinesis Firehose. Any endpoints and services can receive, analyze, and receive streaming data from Firehose. This includes service providers, generic HTTP endpoints, Amazon S3, Amazon Redshift, and Amazon ElasticSearch Service. It may convert and encrypt data streams before loading, boosting security and lowering storage costs. It also offers compression and batch processing. Firehose is used to swiftly convey a flood of data to a central repository for processing, regardless of the shape that repository may take.

Kinesis Data Analytics by Amazon

Using Apache Flink’s open-source architecture and engine, Kinesis Data Analytics converts and analyzes streaming data in real time. It makes developing, running and integrating Flink applications with other AWS services less complicated. You may read more about Apache Flink here.

SQL, Java, Scala, and Python are just a few popular programming languages that Kinesis Data Analytics offers. The Kinesis Data Streams (KDS), Managed Streaming for Apache Kafka (Amazon MSK, Kinesis Firehose, and Amazon Elasticsearch), and other Amazon Web services are also integrated.

What distinguishes Apache Kafka from AWS Kinesis?

Between Kinesis and Kafka, there are a lot of parallels and a lot of contrasts. Both are built to accept and handle numerous large-scale data streams with significant source flexibility. Both assume conventional message brokers in settings where massive data streams must be ingested, analyzed, and sent to other applications and services.

The primary distinction between the two is that Amazon Kinesis is a managed service with minimum setup and configuration requirements. The configuration of Kafka, an open-source system, frequently takes weeks rather than hours and requires a substantial investment in time and expertise.

While operating differently, Kafka and Kinesis perform similar tasks and produce comparable results. Data Producers, Data Consumers, Data Streams, Shards, Data Records, Partition Keys, and Sequence Numbers are some of the fundamental ideas employed by Kinesis.

The source hardware from which Data Records are emitted is Data Producers. From shards in the stream, the Data Consumer extracts the Data Records. The program or service that uses the stream data is called the consumer. These Data Records are divided into shards, and a Kinesis Data Stream comprises several shards. The sequence number acts as a distinctive identifier for each data record, while the partition key is an identifier, such as a user ID or date. By doing this, the data is ensured to remain constant throughout the stream.

Similar ideas are used in Kafka. However, they are organized slightly differently: Records, Topics, Consumers, Producers, Brokers, Logs, Partitions, and Clusters. Records delivered via Kafka are transferred consecutively and are immutable from the start, ensuring uninterrupted flow without data deterioration. A Topic is simply a stream of records comparable to a Kinesis Shard. Logs are used as disc storage and are further separated into segments and partitions.

Four major APIs make up Kafka. The Kafka cluster’s Topics send data streams using the Producer API. The Consumer API consumes the topic-specific data streams. Data streams are transformed from input to output Topics using the Streams API. The Connect API puts in place connectors that pull data from sources and push it from Kafka to other applications, services, and systems.

The Broker from the previous sentence might be viewed as a Kafka Server operating in a Kafka Cluster. A given cluster may have several Kafka Brokers, and a Kafka Cluster may include Brokers dispersed over numerous servers. Broker, though, occasionally alludes to Kafka as a whole. In essence, it is the component that controls the flow of data, both incoming and departing.

There are many integrations and feature sets in addition to operation, nomenclature, and structure variations. Java SDK support is available for Kafka, but among other things, Kinesis can support Android, Java, Go, and.Net. But since Kafka is open source, more connectors are constantly being created. Although Kinesis may now provide greater integration flexibility, it is less configurable because it only permits configuring the number of days and shards. It writes synchronously to three separate machines, data centers, and availability zones (this standard configuration can constrain throughput performance). Kafka is more adaptable, giving you greater configuration flexibility and the ability to customize the complexity of replications. When built correctly for a particular use case, Kafka may be even more scalable and provide higher throughput.

The lack of setup flexibility in Kinesis, however, is intentional. It may be set up in hours rather than weeks because of the standardized setup. The fact that Kinesis provides specific solutions like FireHose, Video Streaming, Data Analysis, and Data Streaming is another reason for this. Kinesis may now be utilized in additional circumstances while still enjoying the advantages of a managed, quickly configurable solution, thanks to these use case-specific customizations.